Brief history of Telemedicine

The word & # 39; Telemedicine & # 39; for the first time & # 39; it appeared in 1948, when a couple of hospitals in West Chester and Philadelphia, PA, use the telephone line to transfer the X-rays from one to the other – a distance of 24 miles. Canadian radiologists from the hospital, Jean-Talon in Montreal, described the event in its internal literature as & # 39; Telemedicine & # 39; and then & # 39; teleradyyalogiya & # 39; – and immediately begin to create a system to do the same with its satellite centers.

The first widely accepted use of telemedicine with video was in 1959-ies – in Nebraska of all places. University of Nebraska Psychiatric Institute has created a two-way television system closed circuit and delivers a signal in the classrooms so students can observe and participate in mental health research.

As in many areas of technology in the 60s, following major steps in this area were made by NASA. Telemetry has been to many places around the space shuttle; The obvious choice was to add more systems to monitor the vital signs of an astronaut. Similarly, the development of videatelegrafa was necessary to be able to monitor the well-being of astronauts who spent long periods in orbit. This technology was quickly assimilated by the military, and then spread in the private sector. There he found particularly useful in monitoring the oil installations work for hundreds of miles from shore.

In 1974 it was published the first in-depth study of remote diagnostics capabilities, and NASA placed the nurse and the patient in a single room and forced the nurse to conduct a thorough examination. audio and video quality was so high, how much would the technology, but later on, before one of them was given to the doctor, both were deliberately degraded. The goal was to determine the minimum useful level & # 39; of audio and video quality – in other words, the quality level at which doctors have been tested, was unable to confidently make a diagnosis based on the exam records.

In the late 80's – early 90-ies of the Norwegian government has shown great interest in the development of the health sector. Norway, which already has a universal health care program, and from remote, inaccessible regions, dismissed from the rest of the world for a few months, Norway saw the potential for a strong profitability of research and pour money into efforts to develop.

In the US, the Law on Telecommunications in 1996 was created fund rural health centers for the development of telecommunications and broadband Internet services, which has led to focusing on rural areas to finance telemedicine, which continues today. In 2003, the Veterans Administration began intensively to invest in three areas: remote monitoring of home & # 39; store and forward & # 39; visualization and clinical videoconferencing. As a result, in 2013, more than half of the US armed services veterans have access to one or more of these telemedicine services.

Telemedicine has arrived – and yet it still. The development of the mobile market has added a completely new dimension to the old concept that guided the early years. Where over the field? Only time will tell!

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