Despite the resounding Republican disassembly on election day, November 4, 2014, in four states, measures were taken to increase the minimum wage with a comfortable margin of victory:
AR – Salary up to 2017 will increase from 6.25 to 8.50 dollars per hour (66% of the votes)
Nebraska – He would go from 7.25 to 9 dollars per hour (59% of the votes)
Alaska – In 2016, Alaska to see growth to $ 9.75 per hour (69% of the votes)
South Dakota – He would go from 7.25 to 8.50 dollars per hour (55% of the votes)
also, Illinois It adopted a nonbinding referendum to increase the minimum wage to $ 10 an hour. All of the measures put before voters on this issue were adopted. About 420 000 workers in these states will see an increase in salaries, due to this vote.
In his address dedicated to the State of the Union in January 2014, President Barack Obama called on Congress to increase the federal minimum wage from 7.25 to 10.10 dollars per hour. Later, however, Senate Republicans blocked the legislation. Supporters had 54 votes, but 60 were needed to advance the bill. Soon, the President signed an Executive Order to increase wages up to 10,10 dollars for those working on new contracts for federal service.
Ironically, the voters approved the increase of the minimum wage in the same states that the Republicans were shut down in the post. Normally the GOP opposes such an increase, considering the action as a job killer. "If you increase the value of something, you get less," – said the speaker of the House of Representatives, John Boner earlier this year. "We know that the last increase in the minimum wage, hundreds of thousands of Americans with low income have lost their jobs."
There are well-known Republicans who do not agree with this position, including former presidential candidate Mitt Romney, former Pennsylvania Sen. Rick Santorum and former Minnesota Governor Tim Pavlenty. Senator Susan Collins of Maine, even tried to reach a compromise for a smaller increase in the minimum wage at the beginning of this year.
According to the Bureau of the Congress Congress, raising the minimum wage would have two main effects for low-wage workers. Most of them will get a higher salary, which will increase the income of their family & # 39; and, as some of these seven & # 39; ads rise for the federal poverty threshold. But some jobs for workers with low wages are likely to be eliminated. Income of the majority of workers who lost their jobs, significantly dropped, while the share of low-wage workers are likely to decrease slightly.
The current minimum wage of 7.25 dollars per hour & # 39 is part of the Fair Labor Standards (FLSA). However, the FLSA does not supersede any state or local laws that are more favorable to employees. If the state of wages above the federal minimum, employers who are subject to the law on wages, are required to pay their employees a higher amount. Overall, about 13 countries have increased salaries this year, and, on the Council of Economic Advisers estimated that about 7 million workers receive from this increase in 2017.